Handmade Afghan carpets or handmade Afghan rug industry is a type of handmade textile or handwoven floor-covering textile traditionally made of fine wool in Afghanistan. Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is an Asian country. It is in the south of Asia, neighboring Iran and Turkmenistan to the west, Uzbekistan and Tadzjikistan together in the north, Pakistan and China in the east, Pakistan to the southward. Kabul is the capital of the country. Afghanistan’s population consists of several groups of Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimaq, Turkmen and Baloch. The most important portion of the country contains mountains. Only a tenth of the land area is fruitful. Over 99% of the Afghan population is Muslim. Pashto and Dari are the official languages of Afghanistan.
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Most of the weavers who are working in the manufacture of handmade Afghan carpets in Afghanistan are women and children. The handmade Afghan carpets are woven mostly of fine wool by Afghan refugees residing in Pakistan. They are very skilled, therefore Afghan rug won international prizes in 2008, 2013 and 2014 in Hamburg, Germany. Different ethnic groups of Turkmen collect the handmade Afghan carpets mostly in the northward and west Afghanistan. It is well known that Afghanistan is very famous for weaving wool carpets.
Two of the most popular carpets from Afghanistan are Khal Mohammadi and Afghan Aqche. Khal Mohammadi is handmade by the Turkmen who live in the north of Afghanistan. The primary colors of most of the handmade Afghan rugs are dark. The deep colors are made of assorted veggies and other natural dyestuffs. The handmade Afghan rugs are mostly of medium sizes.The most common, traditional and most distinctive patterns are that of the octagonal elephant’s feet and often with curvilinear flowers in dark blue, ocher and beige.
Afghan Aqche carpets are handmade by the Turkmen in central and north of Afghanistan. They are using many shapes and colors, but the traditional and most typical is that of the octagonal elephant’s footprint. Sample of that is the famous Bukhara print which often contains a reddish backdrop. The weavers also produce other trappings of the nomadic lifestyle, including tent, bags and ceremonial pieces.
One of the almost bizarre and characteristic of all oriental rugs is the Shindand or Adraskan (named later on local Afghan towns), woven in the Herat Province, in western Afghanistan. Man and animal figures strangely elongated are their signature show. The carpet can be sold across Afghanistan with the most important basis in Mazar-e Sharif.
Furthermore, there is another essential carpets industry in Afghanistan is Baluchi rugs, most notably Baluchi prayer rugs. Afghanistan’s Baloch people made these rugs in the southwestern part of the country.
Here are some pictures to show you some samples of what we offer.